Cricket Pollock to Hussey.jpg During the 2005 Boxing Day Test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Shaun Pollock of South Africa bowls to Michael Hussey of Australia. The highest governing body is the International Cricket Council. vte Part of a series on Bowling techniques Fast bowling SeamSwing Spin bowling Finger off spinleft-arm orthodox Wrist leg spinleft-arm unorthodox Fast bowler deliveries BouncerInswingerKnuckle ballLeg cutterOff cutterOutswingerReverse swingSlower ballYorker Spin bowler deliveries Arm ballCarrom ballDoosraFlipperGooglyLeg breakOff breakSliderTeesraTops The batting team scores runs by hitting the ball that was bowled at one of the wickets with the bat and then running between the wickets. The bowling and fielding team tries to stop this by making sure the ball doesn’t leave the field and goes to either wicket and dismisses each batter, making them “out.” Bowling, in which the ball dislodges the bails and hits the stumps, and the fielding side either catching the ball after it is hit by the bat but before it hits the ground or hitting a wicket before a batter can cross the crease in front of the wicket are both methods of dismissal. The inning is over when ten batters have been struck out, and the teams switch roles. In international matches, a third umpire and match referee assist with game adjudication. They communicate with two scorers off the field, who keep track of the match’s statistical data.
Cricket can take many different forms, from Twenty20, in which each team bats for 20 overs (each “over” is a set of six fair chances for the batting team to score) to Test matches, which are played over five days. Cricket players typically wear all-white uniforms when they play limited-overs cricket. To prevent injury from the ball, which is a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a slightly raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core layered with tightly wound string, some players wear protective gear in addition to the basic gear.
In South East England, around the middle of the 16th century, cricket is mentioned for the first time. With the British Empire’s expansion, it became popular all over the world, and the first international matches took place in the second half of the 19th century. The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body of the sport. It has more than 100 members, 12 of which are full members who play in Test matches. The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London is in charge of maintaining the Laws of Cricket, which govern the sport. South Asia, Australasia, the United Kingdom, Southern Africa, and the West Indies are the main places where cricket is watched. Women’s cricket, which is organized and played separately, has also reached international standards. Australia is the most successful team in international cricket. It has won more One Day International trophies than any other country, including five World Cups, and has been rated the best Test team more times than any other country.
Cricket is one of many games in the “club ball” circle that essentially include hitting a ball with a hand-held execute; There are also golf, hockey, tennis, squash, badminton, table tennis, and baseball—both of which fall under the more narrow category of bat-and-ball games —as well as badminton and table tennis. In cricket, the wicket—originally a “wicket gate” through which sheep were herded—is a key distinction because the batter must defend it. The historian of cricket, Harry Altham, identified three “groups” of ” the “hockey group,” in which the ball is driven between two goals; the “golf group,” in which the ball is driven toward the hole, which is an undefended target; and the “cricket group,” in which “the ball is aimed at a mark (the wicket) and driven away from it.” It is generally believed that cricket originated as a children’s game in the south-eastern counties of England during the medieval period. Although there are claims for earlier dates, the earliest definite reference to cricket being played comes from evidence presented at a Guildford court case in January 1597 (Old Style, which equates to January 1598 in John Derrick, a 59-year-old coroner, testified that:  Being a scholler in the free schoole of Guldeford hee and diverse of his fellows did runne and play there at creckett and other plaies. The case concerned ownership of a specific plot of land.
According to Randle Cotgrave’s 1611 English-French dictionary, which defined the noun “crosse” as “the crooked staff wherewith boys play at cricket” and the verb form “crosser” as “to play at cricket,” the view that cricket was originally a children’s game is reinforced. One possible source for the sport’s name is the Old English word “cryce” (or “cricc”), which means a According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert at Bonn University, “cricket” derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de (krik ket)sen (i.e., “with the stick chase”). Gillmeister has suggested that not only the name but also the sport itself may be of Flemish origin. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgund
The rise of professional and amateur cricket in England
Even though the primary goal of the game has always been to score the most runs, the early version of cricket differed from the modern version in important technical ways; Many of these characteristics remained in the North American version of cricket known as wicket. The bowler threw the ball underarm-to-ground in the direction of a batter armed with a hockey stick-shaped bat; A low, two-stump wicket was defended by the batter; In 1611, the year that Cotgrave’s dictionary was published, ecclesiastical court records at Sidlesham in Sussex state that two parishioners, Bartholomew Wyatt and Richard Latter, failed to attend church on Easter Sunday because they were playing cricket. and runs were referred to as notches because the scorers recorded them by notching tally sticks. A 1697 newspaper report survives of “a great cricket match” played in Sussex “for fifty guineas apiece” – this is the earliest known contest that is generally considered a First Class match. The patrons, and other players from the social class known as the “gentry,” began to classify themselves as “amateurs”[fn 1] to establish a clear distinction from the professionals, who were invariably members of the working class, even to the point of by and by, numerous beginners guaranteed more than real consumption and the contemptuous term “shamateur” was begat to depict the practice.